Early Trans-Species

Floating Islands

Floating Island sculptures intended for waterfowl, islands have become biodiversity “Life Rafts” hosting a range of aquatic species: invertebrates, amphibians, turtles, water birds, wading birds and songbirds, setting up feedback food webs. When water is warm, invertebrates colonize the islands within 24 hours, with each species in the food web following soon. Planting parts of the island with the right native plants results in cleaning the water, roots of plants create nurseries for fish, and the green plants on the island create nesting cover.


Desert Hydroglyphs are water capture basins for desert wildlife, holding from one to 5 gallons of rain or snowmelt. Many natural water sources have been taken over by humans, leaving wildlife to struggle to find water. Water is the most valuable element in the desert, and determines the extent of biodiversity in an area.

Marten Havens

Sculptures as winter dens for marginal habitat zones (secondary growth and clear-cut forest) for American pine marten. Marten, a small catlike, foxlike member of the weasel family, life in treetops in summer but need dens with a leaning tree tunnel to hide under snow for winter survival. Because of this they are thought to be limited to old growth forests, a declining habitat, so we are losing marten by clearcutting forests. Medicine Bow and Sierra Madre Range forests, Wyoming.

Raptor Roosts

Safe roosting and nesting sculptures for hawks, owls and eagles, in areas where taking off and landing on older power poles may result in electrocution, or areas where human disturbance may make nesting difficult.